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Letter writing is an essential skill. Despite the prevalence of emails and text messages, everyone has to write letters at some point. Letters of complaint, job applications, thank you letters, letters requesting changes or – making suggestions – the list goes on and on. Encouraging children to write letters from an early age will improve their communication, social and handwriting skills, and teach them what they need to know about writing and structuring letters.

Children are expected to learn how to write letters, notes and messages. They have to be aware of different styles of writing, the use of formal and informal letters, and to select style and vocabulary appropriate to the intended reader.

An informal letter is a letter that you write to your family and friends or even an acquaintance. The letter uses a fairly simple vocabulary.

Do not use cliches, for example, “I am well” and “hope you are sailing in the same boat”, and “convey my regards to all” and sundry.

Yours sincerely/Yours affectionately/Your loving daughter/sister/friend

1. On a visit to the United States of America (USA) on a student exchange program, you are staying with an American family. Write a letter to your mother telling her how life in the USA is different from life in India. (You could refer to differences in culture, eating habits, school, and lifestyle.) Do not exceed 120 words.

2. You have witnessed a kidnapping and the subsequent release of the victim with the help of the police. Write an informal letter to your aunt describing the incident and your feelings when the whole drama ended. Do not exceed 120 words.

3. You recently went on a trekking trip from Haridwar to the Pindari Glacier. Look at the map and the information given below and write a letter to your friend telling him/her about your experience. Do not exceed 120 words.

The message can be divided into paragraphs to distinguish or mark the subject matter properly. If the matter is too short, it is not required to divide it into paragraphs.

Business letters are a basic means of communication between companies or even among the different departments in a company. They are written to keep permanent records of communication. These letters are written to professionals and hence proper care must be taken about its language. Business letters must be drafted in


Kindly, let me know your tariff plans for the above mentioned room type and also give details of the facilities provided by your hotel. Also, let me know about the availability on the mentioned dates and whether you provide pick and drop and sight-seeing facilities.

I would request you to mention any special concession offers, if going on.

We regret that the books ordered have not been received by us.

1. Write a letter from a business firm to a customer in reply to his complaint that the goods sent were received in damaged condition.

2. You are Praveen/Renu, Sales Manager of Shoe Emporium, Lucknow. You have placed a bulk order for various kinds of shoes (for both ladies and gents) on Riverside Shoe Manufacturers, Kanpur, one week ago. Due to changes is demand, you want to amend the order by reducing the quantity of one type of gents shoes and increasing the quantity of one type of ladies shoes. Write a letter to the supplier mentioning the changed quantities. Invent the necessary details.

3. You are Anoop/Aakriti, Baden Powell Senior Secondary School, Delhi. Writ; a letter to the Sales Manager, Aparana Publishing House, Delhi placing an order for books (minimum four titles) for your school library. Invent the necessary details.

4. Write a letter to Lightways Sports, Amrapalli, Thane, placing an order for sports articles (minimum 4) to be supplied to your school, ABC Matriculation School, Civil Lines, Pune. Sign as Ravi/Raveena, Sports Secretary.

5. You are Sushil Kumar, the Sports Secretary of your school. Write a letter to Rishabh Enterprises, New Delhi, a leading firm dealing in sports goods, requesting them to supply their trade catalogue. Mention the items you intend to buy and ask for a discount on the catalogue prices.

A story writing is an art that requires a lot of communication skills. First of all it requires the art of narrating things in an interesting way. You will be given either the introductory lines or some hints given in the input or both. You have to develop the story basing it on the information given in the input or the introductory lines. You have to develop it on the same theme as intended by the introductory lines or by the input. You can’t go against the stated theme.

A woodcutter was chopping down trees on the bank of a river. His hands were so much wet with his sweat that he lost his grip over the axe. It slipped away from his hands and fell down ;     into the river. The poor man couldn’t even swim. He thought that his axe was lost forever. He was very sad at his misfortune and started sobbing and weeping. Suddenly there was a flash of light. The god of the Forests appeared before him. The woodcutter explained what had happened. The god consoled him, “Don’t you worry. I’ll get back your axe for you.” Having said these words, he dived into the river. After a few moments he came out with an axe. It was made of gold. “Is this yours?” he asked. The woodcutter only said “No!” A few seconds later he came out of the river with another axe. It was made of silver. “No, no, sir, this is not mine,” said the woodcutter. He dived again and came out with the third axe. The woodcutter cried loudly looking at the axe “Yes, yes, it’s mine—the woodcutter’s axe with an iron blade.” The god of Forests was impressed with the woodcutter’s honesty. “Keep all three of these axes as a present from me.” The god uttered these words and disappeared.

One day some children found a thing shaped like a grain of com. A traveller bought it from the children for a penny and sold it to the king. The king called together his wisemen, and told them to find out what the thing was. The wisemen told him that it was a grain of com. The king ordered the wisemen to find out when and where such com had grown. The wisemen presented an old farmer. He was pale, toothless and walked on crutches. The old man saw the grain. He told the king that he never sowed or reaped any grain like it in the fields. Perhaps his father could tell him, something about it. The king sent for the old farmer’s father. He was shown the grain but he also didn’t know anything where a com like that grew. He told that perhaps his father would tell something about the grain. The old man’s father was called. He could walk easily and without crutches and spoke clearly. The old grandfather looked at the grain. He told that people used to grow grain like that everywhere long time ago. “Did you buy it or grow it all yourself?” asked the king. The grand old man told that in his time it was a sin to buy or sell land. They knew nothing of money. Each man had com enough of his own. Their fields were God’s earth. Land was free. Labour was the only thing men called their own. The king asked why his grandson walked with two crutches and your son with one. He needed no cmtches, his teeth were sound, speech clear and hearing perfect. The grand old man answered that his grandson and son made themselves miserable as men had ceased to live by their own labour. They were miserable as they started depending on the labour of others. In the old times men lived according to God’s law and had only what was their own.

Alyosha was tiny, thin fellow with ears like wings and a huge nose. At twelve he began to plough and drive the cart. He was weak but cheerful. His father placed him with a merchant. He did everything quickly and readily. He forgot nothing and found time for everything. He would get up before daybreak, chop the wood, sweep the yard, feed cows and horses and cooked. Alyosha never set eyes on his wages. His father used to take his wages from the merchant leaving nothing for him. Towards the end of the second year the most startling thing happened to him. He felt for the first time in his life that he too was important for some human being. The cook Ustinia would sit watching him and it worried Alyosha. He feared that it might interfere with his work. She told him all about her life. She was ready to marry him. Alyosha’s father came to the merchant to collect his son’s wages. He came to know from the merchant’s wife that Alyosha wanted to marry Ustinia. Both the merchant and his wife told him that they didn’t want and approve of married servants. They would not keep them in the house. His father told Alyosha that he couldn’t marry Ustinia. Alyosha consented. From that day Alyosha went to his work as usual. One day he fell down from the roof and hurt himself. He was taken to the lodge, and the doctor examined him. He was about to die. A priest was called. “Are you going to die?” asked Ustinia. “Of course, I am.” He thanked Ustinia for being so good to him. They were lucky that they didn’t marry. He lay in wonderment, then stretched himself and died.

There lived in the olden times a noble and generous man. The slaves prided themselves on their master. They considered him the best master under the sun as he fed and clothed them well. The Devil was vexed to hear such words of praise for the master. He got one of the slaves Aleb on his side. He asked Aleb to incite other slaves against their master. Aleb did the mischief. He tried to prove that their master was good because they were good to him. He would repay evil for evil and act differently in such a situation. The other slaves opposed Aleb. Aleb pledged to make the master angry. The master was walking around his enclosure showing his guests his eves and lambs. He had special praise for a twisted homed ram. He considered it priceless. Aleb rushed like a lion among the sheep. He seized the left hind leg of the ram and just before his master’s eyes snapped it like a dry branch. The ram’s leg was broken. The visitors and the slaves cried in dismay. The devil was sitting up in a tree. He was happy that Aleb had done his job rather very cleverly. The master raised his eyes heavenward. He looked down at Aleb with a smile saying: “Oh, Aleb, Aleb! Your master bade you anger me but my master is stronger than yours. I am not angry with you, but I will make your master angry.” He set Aleb free. The kind master returned with his guests to the house. The devil, grinding his teeth, fell down from the tree.

In a certain town there lived a cobbler named Martin. He could recognise the people by their boots. His only son died young and Martin didn’t wish to live any more. One day a noble man reasoned with Martin. He told him that they could not judge God’s ways. God gives him life and he must live for him. Martin fell asleep. Suddenly he heard a voice. “Martin! Look out into the street tomorrow, for I shall come.” Next morning, he saw an old man standing near his window. He was shivering in cold. “Come in and warm yourself a bit.” He asked him to sit down and have some tea. While the old man drank his tea, Martin kept looking out into the street. He told that he was expecting the Lord Himself. The old man thanked Martin for his hospitality and went away. No one came. When Martin was anxious, he saw a poor woman standing near the window with a crying baby in her arms. “Why do you stand out there with the baby in the cold?” Martin led her to the bed near the stove. The woman was hungry. He gave some bread and cabbage soup to her. She had no warm clothing as she had pawned her last shawl for six pence yesterday. Martin gave her six pence to get her shawl out of pawn. After the woman had gone, his eyes were still fixed at the window. And a voice whispered in his ear. “Martin, Martin, don’t you know me?” Martin looked around in surprise. And out of the dark comer stopped the old man, “It is I.” Then the figure disappeared. “It is I,” said the voice once more. And now the woman with the baby laughed and they too vanished. Martin crossed himself. He understood that his dream had come true. And the Lord had really come to him that day, and he had welcomed him.

There was a poor fisherman. It was his custom to cast his net not more than four times a day. One day when he cast his net soon he found it to be very heavy. He pulled up the net but was disappointed to find in it the carcass of an ass. He cast the net second time and this time he found only a large jar full of sand and mud. The third time he got only broken jars and pots. He raised his head towards heaven, and said, “O God, Thou knowest that I cast not my net more than four times.” With the name of God he cast the net for the last time. This time he found in it a bottle of brass with a stopper of lead, bearing the seal of Suleman. He was rejoiced as he could sell it for ten pieces of gold. He shook the bottle and opened it. Nothing came out of it except a cloud of smoke which was condensed into a Jinn. The Jinn threatened to kill him. The fisherman told the Jinn that he had liberated him from the bottle and rescued from the bottom of the sea. The Jinn was unrelenting. The fisherman then said, “How was Thou in this bottle? How can it contain the whole body?” He said that he would never believe it until he saw in it. Upon this the Jinn was converted into smoke and then became condensed and entered the bottle little by little. The fisherman hastily sealed the bottle. The Jinn tried to escape but in vain. “Open to me, I may confer benefits upon thee,” said the Jinn. The fisherman replied, “Thou liest, thou accursed!” And he threw the bottle back deep into the sea.

In ancient times there lived a tailor in Baghdad. When he was returning home, he met a hunchbacked man. His aspect was such as to excite laughter even in the angry and dispel grief. The tailor invited the hunchback to his house to enjoy the pleasure of gazing at him. The tailor’s wife served him a large piece of fish and asked him to swallow it once. The hunchback swallowed it. It got stuck in his throat and he died at once. They took the dead body to the house of a physician who was a Jew. They set the dead man up against the wall and went out. The physician came out to see the sick man in haste. In the dark, his foot struck against the lifeless hunchback. He thought that his foot made him fall down the stairs and die. He was frightened. He wanted to dispose of dead body. He went to the terrace and threw the dead hunchback into the house of his Muslim neighbour. When the Muslim steward went up, he saw a man standing in the comer. He took him for a thief and struck him with a great mallet. The dead body of the hunchback fell down and the steward found him dead. The Muslim steward took the dead body to the market place and placed it by the side of a shop and retired. Soon after there came a Christian a state of intoxication. So when he saw the hunchback standing there, he concluded that he intended to harm him. He struck him on the neck and attempted to throttle him. As he was doing it, the watchman came. He bound his hands behind him and took him to the chief police magistrate. “Why did you kill him?” said the magistrate. He was sentenced to death. The executioner threw his rope round the neck of the Christian. When he was to hang him, the Muslim steward came running. He confessed that it was he who had killed the hunchback. The executioner put the rope around the neck of the Muslim steward. Then came running the Jewish physician. He confessed that it was he who killed the hunchback. The rope was put around the neck of the Jewish physician. He was about to be hanged when the tailor came and pleaded guilty. He requested to liberate the Jew. The matter was reported to the king. He was surprised that such true and honest persons were still alive in his kingdom. They would not let others die for their sins. He was pleased and granted freedom to all.

In Baghdad, there lived a man called Sindibad, the Porter. He was a poor man who bore burdens for hire upon his head. One day the heat was oppressive. The porter put down his burden outside a palatial house. He thought about the rich. They were free from worries and wretchedness. He started singing. When he was about to stand up and depart, a young servant came to him. He told the porter that the master had called for him. He entered the grand mansion and saw noblemen and great lords sitting there. There were all kinds of flowers and scents, wines and varieties of fresh and dried fruits. A lot of music and beautiful slave girls made the place a portion of Paradise. The porter saluted the assembly and stood hanging down his head in humility. The master of the house gave him the permission to sit beside him. He asked his name and trade. He answered that he was Sindibad, the Porter and bore upon his head men’s burden for hire. The master smiled and told him that his name was like him. He was called Sindibad of the sea. He told that he attained so much wealth, respect and fame not all of a sudden. He struggled hard and performed seven voyages and attained that prosperity. He desired to let him hear the verses that he sang while he stood at the gate. The porter recited those verses to him and they pleased Sindibad of the Sea. He employed Sindibad, the Porter as his personal assistant giving him and his family a big furnished house with lots of conveniences.

Da’ud had inherited a lot of wealth and property from his wealthy father. But the life of ease and comforts made him a spendthrift. He soon found that his wealth had passed away. Then he returned to his region and collected what he had. He sold his buildings and land and amassed three thousand pieces of silver. He bought for himself goods and commodities and other things required for performing a sea-voyage. He came to the city of Basra with his fellow merchants. They had passed by island after island and from sea to sea selling, buying and exchanging merchandises. They cast the anchor near an island and gave to eating and drinking. The master of the ship signalled an alarm bell. He announced that the ship had anchored on a huge fish stationed in the midst of the sea. Many hastened to go up into the ship. Da’ud was among those who remained behind the island. But God saved him from drowning as he swam across with the help of a wooden plank. He threw himself upon the island like one dead and soon became unconscious. The island had fruits in abundance and sweet water. Therefore, his health and spirit revived. He spent a few months, grew a beard and his face bore a different resemblance. One day when he was walking upon the shore of the island, he saw an indistinct object in the distance. Suddenly a great ship approached and anchored near the shore. The captain saw Da’ud but didn’t recognise him. He told him that there were some goods in the hold of the ship. Their owner was drowned in the sea at one of the islands during their voyage there. He also told Da’ud that they desired to sell those things and give the money to his family in Baghdad. Da’ud had already recognised the captain and said, “O master, I am the owner of the goods, and I am Da’ud”. The captain welcomed him aboard the ship. Da’ud proceeded to have a reunion with his wife and children. He got a lot of money after selling the merchandise in Baghdad.


• The letter may begin with acknowledging/thanking for the previous letter/gift received, e.g. ‘Thank you for such a precious gift of yours’ or by apologising if you are writing/replying after too long. e.g. “Hi Preeti. I received your letter, but I was so busy with my new project that I could not reply earlier.”

(b) Main Body of the Letter

Expression : 5 marks

You were a part of an organising committee for an inter-school event which was very successful. You and the other committee members were congratulated and praised at the school assembly by the Principal. Write a letter to your grandmother telling her about the event and your feelings at being recognised and praised in front of the school.

Next day during morning assembly, the principal congratulated all the members of this organising committee. The principal praised our efforts in front of the whole staff and students. It was a proud moment for all of us. As I was also a part of it. I was very happy as everyone appreciated our work. It was a great feeling to be recognised and praised in front of the whole school and staff members.

I wanted to share this proud moment with you. I know you would also feel very proud of me and bless me for future.

Imagine yourself as Gaurav Mallya. Your room-mate Tejas’ right hand is plastered as it got fractured while playing badminton in the school. Write a letter to his father informing him about the accident and also asking him not to worry.

I am writing this to inform you that last evening, while playing badminton in the school, Tejas fractured his right hand which has been plastered. He himself is not able to write because of the plaster on his right hand. I know you and aunty will get worried, but it is only a hairline fracture.

Let me assure you that there is nothing to Worry about and I am here to look after him. There is no need for you to rush here to see him. I will keep you informed about Tejas periodically.

1. You are very much fond of adventure. You were on a tour to Gulmarg in Jammu and Kashmir a few days ago. Write your thrilling experience of ice-skiing there to your best friend.

2. Write a letter to your high-school English teacher, thanking him/her for teaching you English so well that you are very confident in speaking as well as writing in English on any topic easily. You are Anuj/Anuja of class X.

Use proper layout according to the type of the letter.

(a) Introduction beginning

(b) Content main point

(c) End conclusion /suggestions etc.

Here comes the summer

………And also the possibility of Diseases Like Cholera and


Prevention is Better Then Cure

· Drink only safe water


October 7, 2014

The Principal,

Aryan Public School,

Paschim Vihar, New Delhi

Subject: For starting extra classes for Math and English.

Respected sir,

I am Tarun, studying in class IX - A of your school. I would like to draw your kind attention toward the problem related to our study. Our Math and English syllabus have not been completed till now, while half yearly SA-I examination is on head. All students of class - IX are facing problems and they are anxious for completing syllabus. 

Sir, I request you to arrange extra classes for math and English as soon as possible. So that we complete our syllabus within time. Sir, please start our classes during recess period. We shall be great thankful to you for this kindness.

Thanking You,

Your Obediently,


Thanks for this ladki

Beautiful hand written


I love the video

I am here because of College essay😄😄😄😄

Great tutorial, thank you!

Nice video 🙏

Thank you for this video. I needed something that would be clear and precise in terms of understanding the process of a thesis/dissertation and this video did for me exactly what I needed. Blessings to all.

Is monograph and research proposal same?

You're very welcome.

1 line rong hai 🦋A STUDENT WITH DISCIPLINE IS ALWAYS PUNCTUAL AND he 🦋hai waha she bhi ho sakta hai 😞girls bhi DISCIPLINE samjhti hai boys se jada😞😞😞😞😞so please take care of mistakes 😄

Sir I love your fluent English. The tone & confidence is magnetic.

If you followed all the instructions, then a good grade is bound to follow. Just relax. Wishing you all the best mate

The teacher -- is that you??

القلم الي بكتب فيه بجنن🥰🥰🥰🥰😍😍😍😍

How to get previous year papers mam .plz help

Salute to the legends who are watching this video one day before exam 😂😂

Glad I could help!

Soory sir i am vegetarian😅😅🤣🤣

Jay’s methods work, I watched his tutorials and got an overall score of 80, thank you Jay

My handwriting is like your

Can i write only this tamplate for all pte topics like agree disagree, opinion essay, problem & solution etc.

fantastic essay...thank you so much.

light yagami be like

Ea ma'm bahut honest dil ki bat kehete hai.

Thanks much I got 100 😇😇😇😇

Helpful chainal

Thanks for the clear explanation and helpful examples.

I was not really good at writing essays and that then I always settling for less. I just think that my grammar isn't good and i feel so embarrassed that I don't even let my friends see it. But now, im learning to improve my grammar and to write great essay.

Letter Writing Topics In English For Class 9

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